A judge ordered a Tennessee boy's name be changed from "Messiah."
NASHVILLE -- A Tennessee judge should not have barred a couple from naming their child "Messiah," said the executive director of the ACLU of Tennessee.
On Thursday, the parents of the child appeared in Cocke County Chancery Court in Tennessee because they could not agree on a last name.
Child support magistrate Lu Ann Ballew ordered Jaleesa Martin to change her son's name to "Martin DeShawn McCullough." It includes both parents' last names but leaves out "Messiah."
"The word Messiah is a title and it's a title that has only been earned by one person and that one person is Jesus Christ," Ballew told the 7-month-old's parents.
Hedy Weinberg, of the ACLU of Tennessee, said Ballew is free to hold religious beliefs, but that faith should remain private.
"She does not have the right to impose that faith on others," said Weinberg. "And that is what she did."
Martin is appealing the judge's order. Weinberg said that ACLU staff is reaching out to Martin to offer assistance.
"A parent has the right to choose their child's name," she said. "In this case, the judge is creating a culture where she is imposing her religious beliefs on others. And that is unacceptable."
"Messiah" currently ranks 387th among baby names for boys and girls, according to Nameberry.com, a blog about baby names. "Jesus" is number 101, while "Christopher" -- which means "bearer of Christ" -- is number 23.
According to the Social Security Administration's database of popular baby names, the name Messiah has grown in popularity since 2005 when it was ranked 904th. It was 387th in 2012.
"A parent has the right to choose their child's name. In this case, the judge is creating a culture where she is imposing her religious beliefs on others. And that is unacceptable."
- Hedy Weinberg, executive director of ACLU of Tennessee
Ballew said it was the first time she has ordered a first name change. She said the decision is best for the child, especially while growing up in a county with a large Christian population.
Nick Harrison, co-author of The Best-Ever Christian Baby Name Book, said that there aren't many other names that specifically refer to Jesus Christ.
But many of the 5,000 names in his book have spiritual meaning, he said.
Harrison said he sympathized with Ballew.
Parents have to be careful when they give their children an unusual name, he said, because it can lead to bullying.
"I can sympathize with the judge but I don't understand the legal precedent," he said.
Harrison said that names can help a child shape their identity. Knowing the meaning of a name gives a child something to aspire to, he said.
"Messiah" might be going too far, Harrison said.
"That's a lot to live up to," he said.
Smietana also writes for The Tennessean. Contributing: Heidi Wigdahl, WBIR-TV, Knoxville, Tenn.