WASHINGTON (WUSA9) -- The United States Preventive Services Task Force recommends that all adults and adolescents, including pregnant women, aged 15-65 be screened for HIV.
Risk factors for HIV include: men and women having a blood transfusion from 1978-1985, men or women having unprotected sex with multiple partners, men who have had sex with men after 1975, men and women who have exchanged sex for money or drugs, or who have sex partners who have done so, and men or women with other sexually transmitted diseases.
The Task Force has spent time reviewing key research about the" benefits and harms of universal screening for HIV." They believe that with improved universal screening, there is very little risk for harm.
HIV screening in pregnant woman can make it less likely that there will be mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
The full recommendations can be seen at www.annals.org.